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From information to exact communication

Author(s): Braverman, Mark; Garg, Ankit; Pankratov, Denis; Weinstein, Omri

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Abstract: We develop a new local characterization of the zero-error information complexity function for two-party communication problems, and use it to compute the exact internal and external information complexity of the 2-bit AND function: IC(AND,0) = C∧≅ 1.4923 bits, and ICext(AND,0) = log2 3 ≅ 1.5839 bits. This leads to a tight (upper and lower bound) characterization of the communication complexity of the set intersection problem on subsets of {1,...,n} (the player are required to compute the intersection of their sets), whose randomized communication complexity tends to C∧⋅ n pm o(n) as the error tends to zero. The information-optimal protocol we present has an infinite number of rounds. We show this is necessary by proving that the rate of convergence of the r-round information cost of AND to IC(AND,0)=C∧ behaves like Θ(1/r2), i.e. that the r-round information complexity of AND is C∧+Θ(1/r2). We leverage the tight analysis obtained for the information complexity of AND to calculate and prove the exact communication complexity of the set disjointness function Disjn(X,Y) = - vi=1n AND(xi,yi) with error tending to 0, which turns out to be = CDISJ⋅ n pm o(n), where CDISJ≅ 0.4827. Our rate of convergence results imply that an asymptotically optimal protocol for set disjointness will have to use ω(1) rounds of communication, since every r-round protocol will be sub-optimal by at least Ω(n/r2) bits of communication. We also obtain the tight bound of 2/ln2 k pm o(k) on the communication complexity of disjointness of sets of size ≤ k. An asymptotic bound of Θ(k) was previously shown by Hastad and Wigderson.
Publication Date: 2013
Citation: Braverman, Mark, Ankit Garg, Denis Pankratov, and Omri Weinstein. "From information to exact communication." Proceedings of the forty-fifth annual ACM symposium on Theory of Computing (2013): pp. 151-160. doi:10.1145/2488608.2488628
DOI: 10.1145/2488608.2488628
Pages: 151 - 160
Type of Material: Conference Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Proceedings of the forty-fifth annual ACM symposium on Theory of Computing
Version: Author's manuscript

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