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An information complexity approach to extended formulations

Author(s): Braverman, Mark; Moitra, Ankur

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Abstract: We prove an unconditional lower bound that any linear program that achieves an O(n1-ε) approximation for clique has size 2Ω(nε). There has been considerable recent interest in proving unconditional lower bounds against any linear program. Fiorini et al. proved that there is no polynomial sized linear program for traveling salesman. Braun et al. proved that there is no polynomial sized O(n1/2 - ε)-approximate linear program for clique. Here we prove an optimal and unconditional lower bound against linear programs for clique that matches Hastad's celebrated hardness result. Interestingly, the techniques used to prove such lower bounds have closely followed the progression of techniques used in communication complexity. Here we develop an information theoretic framework to approach these questions, and we use it to prove our main result. Also we resolve a related question: How many bits of communication are needed to get ε-advantage over random guessing for disjointness? Kalyanasundaram and Schnitger proved that a protocol that gets constant advantage requires Ω(n) bits of communication. This result in conjunction with amplification implies that any protocol that gets ε-advantage requires Ω(ε2 n) bits of communication. Here we improve this bound to Ω(ε n), which is optimal for any ε > 0.
Publication Date: Jun-2013
Citation: Braverman, Mark, and Ankur Moitra. "An information complexity approach to extended formulations." In Proceedings of the forty-fifth annual ACM symposium on Theory of Computing (2013): 161-170. doi:10.1145/2488608.2488629
DOI: 10.1145/2488608.2488629
Pages: 161 - 170
Type of Material: Conference Article
Series/Report no.: STOC '13;
Journal/Proceeding Title: Proceedings of the Forty-Fifth Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing
Version: Author's manuscript

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