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Habitat use by the Persian onager, Equus hemionus onager (Perissodactyla: Equidae) in Qatrouyeh National Park, Fars, Iran

Author(s): Nowzari, Haniyeh; Hemami, Mahmoudreza; Karami, Mahmoud; Kheirkhah Zarkesh, Mir Masoud; Riazi, Borhan; et al

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Abstract: Iran’s Persian onager populations are critically endangered. This study of their natural history in Qatrouyeh National Park provides insights for enhancing their conservation. The population as a whole is greatly affected by weather. Wind, rain and cold drive populations from the plains to the valleys of hill-valley habitats. Vegetation features and water also influence habitat use, but differently for differ- ent sex and reproductive classes. Females with juveniles use plains with high-quality vegetation, whereas females without young and solitary territorial males choose those of intermediate quality. Females with young foals are also found closest to watering points. Future translocation of Persian onagers will only succeed if prospective habitats have sufficient hill-valley refuges and enough plains with winds to moderately hot conditions. Sufficient plains supporting high-quality vegetation near water for lactating females must co-exist with plains of moderate-quality veg- etation that attract females without young, so reducing crowding and competition.
Publication Date: Nov-2013
Citation: Nowzari, Haniyeh, Hemami, Mahmoudreza, Karami, Mahmoud, Kheirkhah Zarkesh, Mir Masoud, Riazi, Borhan, Rubenstein, Daniel I. (2013). Habitat use by the Persian onager, Equus hemionus onager (Perissodactyla: Equidae) in Qatrouyeh National Park, Fars, Iran. Journal of Natural History, 47 (43-44), 2795 - 2814. doi:10.1080/00222933.2013.802040
DOI: doi:10.1080/00222933.2013.802040
ISSN: 0022-2933
EISSN: 1464-5262
Pages: 2795 - 2814
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Journal of Natural History
Version: Author's manuscript

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