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Surface segregation and the Al problem in GaAs quantum wells

Author(s): Chung, YJ; Baldwin, KW; West, KW; Shayegan, Mansour; Pfeiffer, LN

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Abstract: Low-defect two-dimensional electron systems (2DESs) are essential for studies of fragile many-body interactions that only emerge in nearly-ideal systems. As a result, numerous efforts have been made to improve the quality of modulation-doped AlxGa1-xAs/GaAs quantum wells (QWs), with an emphasis on purifying the source material of the QW itself or achieving better vacuum in the deposition chamber. However, this approach overlooks another crucial component that comprises such QWs, the AlxGa1-xAs barrier. Here we show that having a clean Al source and hence a clean barrier is instrumental to obtain a high-quality GaAs 2DES in a QW. We observe that the mobility of the 2DES in GaAs QWs declines as the thickness or Al content of the AlxGa1-xAs barrier beneath the QW is increased, which we attribute to the surface segregation of oxygen atoms that originate from the Al source. This conjecture is supported by the improved mobility in the GaAs QWs as the Al cell is cleaned out by baking.
Publication Date: 2018
Citation: Chung, YJ, Baldwin, KW, West, KW, Shayegan, M, Pfeiffer, LN. (2018). Surface segregation and the Al problem in GaAs quantum wells. Physical Review Materials, 2 (10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.034006
DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.034006
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physical Review Materials
Version: Author's manuscript

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