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Habit formation in voting: Evidence from rainy elections

Author(s): Fujiwara, Thomas; Meng, K; Vogl, Tom

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Abstract: We estimate habit formation in voting-the effect of past on current turnout-by exploiting transitory voting cost shocks. Using countylevel data on US presidential elections from 1952-2012, we find that rainfall on current and past election days reduces voter turnout. Our estimates imply that a 1-point decrease in past turnout lowers current turnout by 0.6-1.0 points. Further analyses suggest that habit formation operates by reinforcing the direct consumption value of voting and that our estimates may be amplified by social spillovers.
Publication Date: Oct-2016
Citation: Fujiwara, T, Meng, K, Vogl, T. (2016). Habit formation in voting: Evidence from rainy elections. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 8 (4), 160 - 188. doi:10.1257/app.20140533
DOI: doi:10.1257/app.20140533
ISSN: 1945-7782
EISSN: 1945-7790
Pages: 160 - 188
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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