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Pathway dynamics in the optimal quantum control of rubidium: Cooperation and competition

Author(s): Gao, Fang; Rey-de-Castro, Roberto; Donovan, Ashley M.; Xu, Jian; Wang, Yaoxiong; et al

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Abstract: The dynamics that take place in the optimal quantum control of atomic rubidium upon population transfer from state 5S(1/2) to state 5D(3/2) are investigated with Hamiltonian-encoding-observable-decoding (HE-OD). For modest laser powers two second-order pathways, 5S(1/2). 5P(3/2). 5D(3/2) (pathway 1) and 5S(1/2). 5P(1/2). 5D(3/2) (pathway 2), govern the population transfer process. Pathway 1 has larger transition dipoles than pathway 2. However, state 5P(3/2) along pathway 1 may also be excited to an undesired state 5D(5/2), which can result in population “leakage.” Thus, the two pathways may either cooperate or compete with each other in various dynamical regimes. An important feature in the case of cooperation is that the ratio between the amplitudes of pathways 1 and 2 oscillates over time with a frequency equal to the detuning between transitions 5S(1/2). 5P(3/2) and 5P(3/2). 5D(3/2). We also study the regime in which pathway 2 dominates the dynamics when the larger transition dipoles of pathway 1 can no longer compensate for its population leakage. The overall analysis illustrates the utility of HE-OD as a tool to reveal the quantum control mechanism.
Publication Date: 13-Feb-2014
Citation: Gao, Fang, Rey-de-Castro, Roberto, Donovan, Ashley M., Xu, Jian, Wang, Yaoxiong, Rabitz, Herschel, Shuang, Feng. (2014). Pathway dynamics in the optimal quantum control of rubidium: Cooperation and competition. PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 89 (10.1103/PhysRevA.89.023416
DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.89.023416
ISSN: 1050-2947
EISSN: 1094-1622
Pages: 023416-1 - 023416-9
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: PHYSICAL REVIEW A
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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