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Voting technology, political responsiveness, and infant health: Evidence from Brazil

Author(s): Fujiwara, Thomas

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Abstract: © 2015 The Econometric Society. This paper studies the introduction of electronic voting technology in Brazilian elections. Estimates exploiting a regression discontinuity design indicate that electronic voting reduced residual (error-ridden and uncounted) votes and promoted a large de facto enfranchisement of mainly less educated citizens. Estimates exploiting the unique pattern of the technology's phase-in across states over time suggest that, as predicted by political economy models, it shifted government spending toward health care, which is particularly beneficial to the poor. Positive effects on both the utilization of health services (prenatal visits) and newborn health (low-weight births) are also found for less educated mothers, but not for the more educated.
Publication Date: Mar-2015
Citation: Fujiwara, T. (2015). Voting technology, political responsiveness, and infant health: Evidence from Brazil. Econometrica, 83 (2), 423 - 464. doi:10.3982/ECTA11520
DOI: doi:10.3982/ECTA11520
ISSN: 0012-9682
EISSN: 1468-0262
Pages: 423 - 464
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Econometrica
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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