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A walk on the tundra: Host–parasite interactions in an extreme environment

Author(s): Kutz, Susan J.; Hoberg, Eric P.; Molnár, Péter K.; Dobson, Andrew P.; Verocai, Guilherme G.

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Abstract: Climate change is occurring very rapidly in the Arctic, and the processes that have taken millions of years to evolve in this very extreme environment are now changing on timescales as short as decades. These changes are dramatic, subtle and non-linear. In this article, we discuss the evolving insights into host– parasite interactions for wild ungulate species, specifically, muskoxen and caribou, in the North American Arctic. These interactions occur in an environment that is characterized by extremes in temperature, high seasonality, and low host species abundance and diversity. We believe that lessons learned in this system can guide wildlife management and conservation throughout the Arctic, and can also be generalized to more broadly understand host–parasite interactions elsewhere. We specifically examine the impacts of climate change on host–parasite interactions and focus on: (I) the direct temperature effects on parasites; (II) the importance of considering the intricacies of host and parasite ecology for anticipating climate change impacts; and (III) the effect of shifting ecological barriers and corridors. Insights gained from studying the history and ecology of host–parasite systems in the Arctic will be central to understanding the role that climate change is playing in these more complex systems.
Publication Date: Aug-2014
Citation: Kutz, Susan J., Hoberg, Eric P., Molnár, Péter K., Dobson, Andrew P., Verocai, Guilherme G. (2014). A walk on the tundra: Host–parasite interactions in an extreme environment. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 3 (2), 198 - 208. doi:10.1016/j.ijppaw.2014.01.002
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ijppaw.2014.01.002
ISSN: 2213-2244
Pages: 198 - 208
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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