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Isolation of Hole Versus Electron Current at p-Si/TiO2 Selective Contact Using a Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor Structure

Author(s): Jhaveri, Janam; Berg, Alexander H; Sturm, James C

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Abstract: Carrier-selective contacts provide an exciting avenue for developing high-efficiency, low-cost silicon photovoltaics (PV). However, evaluating and understanding the different current mechanisms across a carrier-selective contact is difficult as the current measured represents the sum of both electron and hole current components. In this paper, we develop a heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) structure with the electron-selective p-type Si/titanium dioxide(TiO )/Al contact as the base-emitter junction, which enables one to separately measure the electron and hole currents across the selective contact. An HBT with a current gain as large as ∼220 is achieved. The method is then used to evaluate the current mechanisms across a p-Si/TiO /Al heterojunction PV cell, where the TiO /p-Si replaces the n -p junction. We determine that there is an optimal TiO thickness of 4.1 nm for CVD-deposited TiO ; and at the optimal thickness, the hole current is 8% of the total current, thus demonstrating that TiO /Si is indeed a hole-blocking electron-selective contact. The hole current ratio is corroborated with reverse-recovery experiments, confirming the validity of the HBT method. 2 2 2 2 2 2 +
Publication Date: 1-May-2018
Citation: Jhaveri, J, Berg, AH, Sturm, JC. (2018). Isolation of Hole Versus Electron Current at p-Si/TiO<inf>2</inf> Selective Contact Using a Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor Structure. IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 8 (3), 726 - 732. doi:10.1109/JPHOTOV.2018.2819667
DOI: doi:10.1109/JPHOTOV.2018.2819667
ISSN: 2156-3381
Pages: 726 - 732
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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