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A numerical study of droplet trapping in microfluidic devices

Author(s): Nagel, M.; Brun, Pierre-Thomas; Gallaire, F.

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Abstract: Microfluidic channels are powerful means of control of minute volumes such as droplets. These droplets are usually conveyed at will in an externally imposed flow which follows the geometry of the micro-channel. It has recently been pointed out by Dangla et al. ["Trapping microfluidic drops in wells of surface energy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(12), 124501 (2011)] that the motion of transported droplets may also be stopped in the flow, when they are anchored to grooves which are etched in the channels top wall. This feature of the channel geometry explores a direction that is usually uniform in microfluidics. Herein, this anchoring effect exploiting the three spatial directions is studied combining a depth averaged fluid description and a geometrical model that accounts for the shape of the droplet in the anchor. First, the presented method is shown to enable the capture and release droplets in numerical simulations. Second, this tool is used in a numerical investigation of the physical mechanisms at play in the capture of the droplet: a localized reduced Laplace pressure jump is found on its interface when the droplet penetrates the groove. This modified boundary condition helps the droplet cope with the linear pressure drop in the surrounding fluid. Held on the anchor the droplet deforms and stretches in the flow. The combination of these ingredients leads to recover the scaling law for the critical capillary number at which the droplets exit the anchors Ca* α h2/R2 where h is the channel height and R the droplet undeformed radius. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.
Publication Date: 12-Mar-2014
Electronic Publication Date: 12-Mar-2014
Citation: Nagel, M, Brun, PT, Gallaire, F. (2014). A numerical study of droplet trapping in microfluidic: Devices. Physics of Fluids, 26 (3), 10.1063/1.4867251
DOI: doi:10.1063/1.4867251
ISSN: 1070-6631
EISSN: 1089-7666
Pages: 032002-1 - 032002-15
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physics of Fluids
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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