Skip to main content

Quality of spatial entanglement propagation

Author(s): Reichert, M; Sun, X; Fleischer, Jason W

To refer to this page use:
Abstract: We explore, both experimentally and theoretically, the propagation dynamics of spatially entangled photon pairs (biphotons). Characterization of entanglement is done via the Schmidt number, which is a universal measurement of the degree of entanglement directly related to the nonseparability of the state into its subsystems. We develop expressions for the terms of the Schmidt number that depend on the amplitude and phase of the commonly used double-Gaussian approximation for the biphoton wave function, and demonstrate migration of entanglement between amplitude and phase upon propagation. We then extend this analysis to incorporate both phase curvature in the pump beam and higher spatial frequency content of more realistic non-Gaussian wave functions. Specifically, we generalize the classical beam quality parameter M2 to the biphotons, allowing the description of more information-rich beams and more complex dynamics. Agreement is found with experimental measurements using direct imaging and Fourier optics.
Publication Date: 22-Jun-2017
Electronic Publication Date: 22-Jun-2017
Citation: Reichert, M, Sun, X, Fleischer, JW. (2017). Quality of spatial entanglement propagation. Physical Review A, 95 (10.1103/PhysRevA.95.063836
DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.95.063836
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physical Review A
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

Items in OAR@Princeton are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.