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Electron Spin Resonance of P Donors in Isotopically Purified Si Detected by Contactless Photoconductivity

Author(s): Ross, Philipp; Rose, Brendon C; Lo, Cheuk C; Thewalt, Mike LW; Tyryshkin, Alexei M; et al

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Abstract: Coherence times of electron spins bound to phosphorus donors have been measured, using a standard Hahn echo technique, to be up to 20 ms in isotopically pure silicon with [P]= 1014 cm−3 and at temperatures ≤ 4 K. Although such times are exceptionally long for electron spins in the solid state, they are nevertheless limited by donor electron spin-spin interactions. Suppressing such interactions requires even lower donor concentrations, which lie below the detection limit for typical electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometers. Here we describe an alternative method for phosphorus donor ESR detection, exploiting the spin-to-charge conversion provided by the optical donor bound exciton transition. We characterize the method and its dependence on laser power and use it to measure a coherence time of T2 = 130 ms for one of the purest silicon samples grown to-date ([P]= 5 × 1011 cm−3). We then benchmark this result using an alternative application of the donor bound exciton transition: optically polarising the donor spins before using conventional ESR detection at 1.7 K for a sample with [P]= 4 × 1012 cm−3, and measuring in this case a T2 of 350 ms. In both cases, T2 is obtained after accounting for the effects of magnetic field noise, and the use of more stable (e.g. permanent) magnets could yield even longer coherence times.
Electronic Publication Date: 6-May-2019
Citation: Ross, Philipp, Rose, Brendon C, Lo, Cheuk C, Thewalt, Mike LW, Tyryshkin, Alexei M, Lyon, Stephen A, Morton, John JL. (Electron Spin Resonance of P Donors in Isotopically Purified <mml:math xmlns:mml="" display="inline" overflow="scroll"><mml:mi>Si</mml:mi></mml:math> Detected by Contactless Photoconductivity. Physical Review Applied, 11 (5), 10.1103/physrevapplied.11.054014
DOI: doi:10.1103/physrevapplied.11.054014
EISSN: 2331-7019
Language: en
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physical Review Applied
Version: Author's manuscript

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