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Saturated Very Long Chain Fatty Acids Are Required for the Production of Infectious Human Cytomegalovirus Progeny

Author(s): Koyuncu, Emre; Purdy, John G; Rabinowitz, Joshua D; Shenk, Thomas

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Abstract: Human cytomegalovirus hijacks host cell metabolism, increasing the flux of carbon from glucose to malonyl-CoA, the committed precursor to fatty acid synthesis and elongation. Inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase blocks the production of progeny virus. To probe further the role of fatty acid metabolism during infection, we performed an siRNA screen to identify host cell metabolic enzymes needed for the production of infectious cytomegalovirus progeny. The screen predicted that multiple long chain acyl-CoA synthetases and fatty acid elongases are needed during infection, and the levels of RNAs encoding several of these enzymes were upregulated by the virus. Roles for acyl-CoA synthetases and elongases during infection were confirmed by using small molecule antagonists. Consistent with a role for these enzymes, mass spectrometry-based fatty acid analysis with13C-labeling revealed that malonyl-CoA is consumed by elongases to produce very long chain fatty acids, generating an approximately 8-fold increase in C26-C34 fatty acid tails in infected cells. The virion envelope was yet further enriched in C26-C34 saturated fatty acids, and elongase inhibitors caused the production of virions with lower levels of these fatty acids and markedly reduced infectivity. These results reveal a dependence of cytomegalovirus on very long chain fatty acid metabolism.
Publication Date: 16-May-2013
Electronic Publication Date: 16-May-2013
Citation: Koyuncu, Emre, Purdy, John G, Rabinowitz, Joshua D, Shenk, Thomas. (2013). Saturated Very Long Chain Fatty Acids Are Required for the Production of Infectious Human Cytomegalovirus Progeny. PLoS Pathogens, 9 (5), e1003333 - e1003333. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1003333
DOI: doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1003333
EISSN: 1553-7374
Pages: e1003333 - e1003333
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: PLoS Pathogens
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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