Skip to main content

Weathering the Storm: Hurricanes and Birth Outcomes

Author(s): Currie, Janet M.; Rossin-Slater, Maya

To refer to this page use:
Abstract: A growing literature suggests that stressful events in pregnancy can have negative effects on birth outcomes. Some of the estimates in this literature may be affected by small samples, omitted variables, endogenous mobility in response to disasters, and errors in the measurement of gestation, as well as by a mechanical correlation between longer gestation and the probability of having been exposed. We use millions of individual birth records to examine the effects of exposure to hurricanes during pregnancy, and the sensitivity of the estimates to these econometric problems. We find that exposure to a hurricane during pregnancy increases the probability of abnormal conditions of the newborn such as being on a ventilator more than 30 minutes and meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Although we are able to reproduce previous estimates of effects on birth weight and gestation, our results suggest that measured effects of stressful events on these outcomes are sensitive to specification and it is preferable to use more sensitive indicators of newborn health.
Publication Date: May-2013
Citation: Currie, Janet M., Rossin-Slater, Maya. (2013). Weathering the Storm: Hurricanes and Birth Outcomes. Journal of Health Economics, 32 (3), 487 - 503. doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2013.01.004
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2013.01.004
ISSN: 0167-6296
Pages: 487 - 503
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Journal of Health Economics
Version: Author's manuscript

Items in OAR@Princeton are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.