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Sorption of atmospheric gases by bulk lithium metal

Author(s): Hart, C.A.; Skinner, C.H.; Capece, A.M.; Koel, Bruce E.

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Abstract: Lithium conditioning of plasma facing components has enhanced the performance of several fusion devices. Elemental lithium will react with air during maintenance activities and with residual gases (H2O, CO, CO2) in the vacuum vessel during operations. We have used a mass balance (microgram sensitivity) to measure the mass gain of lithium samples during exposure of a similar to 1 cm(2) surface to ambient and dry synthetic air. For ambient air, we found an initial mass gain of several mg/h declining to less than 1 mg/h after an hour and decreasing by an order of magnitude after 24 h. A 9 mg sample achieved a final mass gain corresponding to complete conversion to Li2CO3 after 5 days. Exposure to dry air resulted in a 30 times lower initial rate of mass gain. The results have implications for the chemical state of lithium plasma facing surfaces and for safe handling of lithium coated components. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publication Date: Jan-2016
Electronic Publication Date: 2016
Citation: Hart, CA, Skinner, CH, Capece, AM, Koel, BE. (2016). Sorption of atmospheric gases by bulk lithium metal. JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, 468 (71 - 77). doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.006
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.006
ISSN: 0022-3115
EISSN: 1873-4820
Pages: 71 - 77
Type of Material: Journal Article
Version: Author's manuscript

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