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|Abstract:||Additions and Corrections: VOLUME 283 (2008) PAGES 8930 – 8938 DOI 10.1074/jbc.A112.710227 Identification of ligand specificity determinants in AgrC, the Staphylococcus aureus quorum-sensing receptor. Edward Geisinger, Elizabeth A. George, John Chen, Tom W. Muir, and Richard P. Novick. John Chen should be included as an author of this work. The correct author list is shown above. Dr. Chen’s affiliation is the Molecular Pathogenesis Program and Departments of Microbiology and Medicine, the Kimmel Center for Biology and Medicine of the Skirball Institute, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016. Abstract for original 2008 article: Activation of the agr system, a major regulator of staphylococcal virulence, is initiated by the binding of a specific autoinducing peptide (AIP) to the extracellular domain of AgrC, a classical receptor histidine protein kinase. There are four known agr specificity groups in Staphylococcus aureus, and we have previously localized the determinant of AIP receptor specificity to the C-terminal half of the AgrC sensor domain. We have now identified the specific amino acid residues that determine ligand activation specificity for agr groups I and IV, the two most closely related. Comparison of the AgrC-I and AgrC-IV sequences revealed a set of five divergent residues in the region of the second extracellular loop of the receptor that could be responsible. Accordingly, we exchanged these residues between AgrC-I and AgrC-IV and tested the resulting constructs for activation by the respective AIPs, measuring activation kinetics with a transcriptional fusion of blaZ to the principal agr promoter, P3. Exchange of all five residues caused a complete switch in receptor specificity. Replacement of two of the AgrC-IV residues by the corresponding residues in AgrC-I caused the receptor to be activated by AIP-I nearly as well as the wild type AgrC-I receptor. Replacement of two different AgrC-I residues by the corresponding AgrC-IV residues broadened receptor recognition specificity to include both AIPs. Various types of intermediate activity were observed with other replacement mutations. Preliminary characterization of the AgrC-I-AIP-I interaction suggests that ligand specificity may be sterically determined.|
|Citation:||Geisinger, Edward, George, Elizabeth A., Chen, Li Tat J., Muir, Tom W., Novick, Richard P. (2012). Identification of ligand specificity determinants in AgrC, the Staphylococcus aureus quorum-sensing receptor (Journal of Biological Chemistry (2012) 283, (8930-8938)). Journal of Biological Chemistry, 287 (22), 18588 - ?. doi:10.1074/jbc.A112.710227|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Journal/Proceeding Title:||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Version:||Final published version. This is an open access article.|
|Notes:||Identification of ligand specificity determinants in AgrC, the Staphylococcus aureus quorum-sensing receptor (Journal of Biological Chemistry (2012) 283, (8930-8938))(Erratum). Original article first published 2008 April 4.|
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