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Epidemic Dynamics at the Human-Animal Interface

Author(s): Lloyd-Smith, J.O.; George, D.; Pepin, K.M.; Pitzer, V.E.; Pulliam, J.R.C.; et al

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Abstract: Few infectious diseases are entirely human-specific: most human pathogens also circulate in animals, or else originated in non-human hosts. Influenza, plague, and trypanosomiasis are classic examples of zoonoses, or infections that transmit from animals to humans. The multi-host ecology of zoonoses leads to complex dynamics, and analytical tools such as mathematical modeling are vital to the development of effective control policies and research agendas. Much attention has focused on modeling pathogens with simpler life cycles and immediate global urgency, such as influenza and SARS, but vector-transmitted, chronic, and protozoan infections have been neglected, as have crucial processes such as cross-species transmission. Progress in understanding and combating zoonoses requires a new generation of models that addresses a broader set of pathogen life histories and integrates across host species and scientific disciplines.
Publication Date: 4-Dec-2009
Electronic Publication Date: 3-Dec-2009
Citation: Lloyd-Smith, JO, George, D, Pepin, KM, Pitzer, VE, Pulliam, JRC, Dobson, AP, Hudson, PJ, Grenfell, BT. (2009). Epidemic Dynamics at the Human-Animal Interface. Science, 326 (5958), 1362 - 1367. doi:10.1126/science.1177345
DOI: doi:10.1126/science.1177345
ISSN: 0036-8075
EISSN: 1095-9203
Pages: 1362 - 1367
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Science
Version: Author's manuscript

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