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Do enclaves remediate social inequality?

Author(s): Karpowitz, Christopher F.; Mendelberg, Tali

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Abstract: © 2018 by the Southern Political Science Association. All rights reserved. Do women benefit from participating in women-only, “enclave” groups? Specifically, do such groups benefit their individual members? This question underlies a number of influential normative theories of inequality but remains underexplored despite the ubiquity of these groups in the organizational life of legislative, party, civic, education, and interest-group settings. This article develops multiple objective and subjective dimensions of individual empowerment that such groups may produce, specifies the institutional conditions that facilitate these benefits, and conducts a comparison with men’s groups. To address selection effects, we use a controlled experiment randomizing gender composition and other group characteristics. We find that female enclaves benefit their members, but only under unanimous rule and for most, but not all, forms of empowerment. Men-only groups do not help men, suggesting that enclaves work because they empower the powerless.
Publication Date: 1-Oct-2018
Citation: Karpowitz, CF, Mendelberg, T. (2018). Do enclaves remediate social inequality?. Journal of Politics, 80 (4), 1134 - 1149. doi:10.1086/698756
DOI: doi:10.1086/698756
ISSN: 0022-3816
EISSN: 1468-2508
Pages: 1134 - 1149
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Journal of Politics
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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