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Evolutionary game dynamics of controlled and automatic decision-making

Author(s): Toupo, Danielle F.P.; Strogatz, Steven H.; Cohen, Jonathan D.; Rand, David G.

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Abstract: We integrate dual-process theories of human cognition with evolutionary game theory to study the evolution of automatic and controlled decision-making processes. We introduce a model where agents who make decisions using either automatic or controlled processing compete with each other for survival. Agents using automatic processing act quickly and so are more likely to acquire resources, but agents using controlled processing are better planners and so make more effective use of the resources they have. Using the replicator equation, we characterize the conditions under which automatic or controlled agents dominate, when coexistence is possible, and when bistability occurs. We then extend the replicator equation to consider feedback between the state of the population and the environment. Under conditions where having a greater proportion of controlled agents either enriches the environment or enhances the competitive advantage of automatic agents, we find that limit cycles can occur, leading to persistent oscillations in the population dynamics. Critically, however, these limit cycles only emerge when feedback occurs on a sufficiently long time scale. Our results shed light on the connection between evolution and human cognition, and demonstrate necessary conditions for the rise and fall of rationality
Publication Date: Jul-2015
Citation: Toupo, Danielle FP, Strogatz, Steven H, Cohen, Jonathan D, Rand, David G. (2015). Evolutionary game dynamics of controlled and automatic decision-making. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 25 (7), 073120 - 073120. doi:10.1063/1.4927488
DOI: doi:10.1063/1.4927488
ISSN: 1054-1500
EISSN: 1089-7682
Pages: 073120 - 073120
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science
Version: Author's manuscript

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