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Killing Me Softly: The Fetal Origins Hypothesis

Author(s): Almond, Douglas; Currie, Janet M.

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Abstract: In the epidemiological literature, the fetal origins hypothesis associated with David J. Barker posits that chronic, degenerative conditions of adult health, including heart disease and type 2 diabetes, may be triggered by circumstance decades earlier, in utero nutrition in particular. Economists have expanded on this hypothesis, investigating a broader range of fetal shocks and circumstances and have found a wealth of later-life impacts on outcomes including test scores, educational attainment, and income, along with health. In the process, they have provided some of the most credible observational evidence in support of the hypothesis. The magnitude of the impacts is generally large. Thus, the fetal origins hypothesis has not only survived contact with economics, but has flourished.
Publication Date: Aug-2011
Citation: Almond, Douglas, Currie, Janet M. (2011). Killing Me Softly: The Fetal Origins Hypothesis. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 25 (3), 153 - 172. doi:10.1257/jep.25.3.153
DOI: doi:10.1257/jep.25.3.153
ISSN: 0895-3309
Pages: 153 - 172
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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