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Discovery of Protein- and DNA-Imperceptible Nanoparticle Hard Coating Using Gel-Based Reaction Tuning

Author(s): Welsher, Kevin; McManus, Simon A; Hsia, Chih-Hao; Yin, Shuhui; Yang, Haw

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Abstract: The seemingly inevitable protein corona appears as an insurmountable obstacle to a wider application of functional nanomaterials in biotechnology. The accumulation of serum proteins can block targeting functionalities and alter the in vivo fate of these nanomaterials. Here, we demonstrate a method to generate non-stick, robustly passivated functional nanoparticles using a tailored silica coating. We apply agarose gel electrophoresis to sensitively evaluate protein binding to nanoparticles with different surface chemistry. Using gel banding and retardation as a read-out for protein adsorption, we optimized the surface chemistry to yield a mixed charge surface which displayed remarkable binding resistance to a wide range of serum proteins and nucleic acids. The hard silica shell also protects the functional nanoparticle core in harsh environments (down to pH 1), while still showing the ability to be targeted for cellular uptake with little or no non-specific binding.
Publication Date: 21-Jan-2015
Citation: Welsher, Kevin, McManus, Simon A, Hsia, Chih-Hao, Yin, Shuhui, Yang, Haw. "Discovery of Protein- and DNA-Imperceptible Nanoparticle Hard Coating Using Gel-Based Reaction Tuning" Journal of the American Chemical Society, (2), 137, 580 - 583, doi:10.1021/ja511297d
DOI: doi:10.1021/ja511297d
ISSN: 0002-7863
EISSN: 1520-5126
Pages: 580 - 583
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Version: This is the author’s final manuscript. All rights reserved to author(s).

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