# Typical use effectiveness of Natural Cycles: postmarket surveillance study investigating the impact of previous contraceptive choice on the risk of unintended pregnancy.

## Author(s): Bull, Jonathan; Rowland, Simon; Lundberg, Olof; Berglund-Scherwitzl, Elina; Gemzell-Danielsson, Kristina; et al

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dc.contributor.authorBull, Jonathan-
dc.contributor.authorRowland, Simon-
dc.contributor.authorLundberg, Olof-
dc.contributor.authorBerglund-Scherwitzl, Elina-
dc.contributor.authorGemzell-Danielsson, Kristina-
dc.contributor.authorTrussell, James-
dc.contributor.authorScherwitzl, Raoul-
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-26T15:54:02Z-
dc.date.available2019-11-26T15:54:02Z-
dc.date.issued2019-03-23en_US
dc.identifier.citationBull, Jonathan, Rowland, Simon, Lundberg, Olof, Berglund-Scherwitzl, Elina, Gemzell-Danielsson, Kristina, Trussell, James, Scherwitzl, Raoul. (2019). Typical use effectiveness of Natural Cycles: postmarket surveillance study investigating the impact of previous contraceptive choice on the risk of unintended pregnancy.. BMJ open, 9 (3), e026474 - ?. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026474en_US
dc.identifier.issn2044-6055-
dc.identifier.urihttp://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/pr1qr09-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE:To investigate the association between contraceptive effectiveness of Natural Cycles and users' previous choice of contraceptive, and to evaluate the impact of shifting from other methods to Natural Cycles on the risk of unintended pregnancy. SETTING:Natural Cycles mobile application. PARTICIPANTS:16 331 Natural Cycles users in Sweden for the prevention of pregnancy. OUTCOME MEASURES:Risk of unintended pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN:Real world evidence was collected from Natural Cycles users regarding contraceptive use prior to using Natural Cycles and sexual activity while using Natural Cycles. We calculated the typical use 1-year Pearl Index (PI) and 13-cycle failure rate of Natural Cycles for each cohort. The PI was compared with the population PI of their stated previous methods. RESULTS:For women who had used condoms before, the PI of Natural Cycles was the lowest at 3.5±0.5. For women who had used the pill before, the PI of Natural Cycles was the highest at 8.1±0.6. The frequency of unprotected sex on fertile days partially explained some of the observed variation in PI between cohorts. 89% of users switched to Natural Cycles from methods with higher or similar reported PIs. CONCLUSION:The effectiveness of Natural Cycles is influenced by previous contraceptive choice and this should be considered when evaluating the suitability of the method for the individual. We estimate that Natural Cycles usage can reduce the overall likelihood of having an unintended pregnancy by shifting usage from less effective methods.en_US
dc.format.extent1 - 7en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofBMJ openen_US
dc.rightsFinal published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.en_US
dc.titleTypical use effectiveness of Natural Cycles: postmarket surveillance study investigating the impact of previous contraceptive choice on the risk of unintended pregnancy.en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.doidoi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026474-
dc.identifier.eissn2044-6055-
pu.type.symplectichttp://www.symplectic.co.uk/publications/atom-terms/1.0/journal-articleen_US

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