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|Abstract:||Many systems under control with an applied field also interact with the surrounding environment. Understanding the control mechanisms has remained a challenge, especially the role played by the interaction between the field and the environment. In order to address this need, here we expand the scope of the Hamiltonian-encoding and observable-decoding (HE-OD) technique. HE-OD was originally introduced as a theoretical and experimental tool for revealing the mechanism induced by control fields in closed quantum systems. The results of open-system HE-OD analysis presented here provide quantitative mechanistic insights into the roles played by a Markovian environment. Two model open quantum systems are considered for illustration. In these systems, transitions are induced by either an applied field linked to a dipole operator or Lindblad operators coupled to the system. For modest control yields, the HE-OD results clearly show distinct cooperation between the dynamics induced by the optimal field and the environment. Although the HE-OD methodology introduced here is considered in simulations, it has an analogous direct experimental formulation, which we suggest may be applied to open systems in the laboratory to reveal mechanistic insights.|
|Citation:||Gao, Fang, Rey-de-Castro, Roberto, Wang, Yaoxiong, Rabitz, Herschel, Shuang, Feng. (2016). Identifying a cooperative control mechanism between an applied field and the environment of open quantum systems. PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 93 (10.1103/PhysRevA.93.053407|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Journal/Proceeding Title:||PHYSICAL REVIEW A|
|Version:||Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.|
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