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Identifying a cooperative control mechanism between an applied field and the environment of open quantum systems

Author(s): Gao, Fang; Rey-de-Castro, Roberto; Wang, Yaoxiong; Rabitz, Herschel; Shuang, Feng

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Abstract: Many systems under control with an applied field also interact with the surrounding environment. Understanding the control mechanisms has remained a challenge, especially the role played by the interaction between the field and the environment. In order to address this need, here we expand the scope of the Hamiltonian-encoding and observable-decoding (HE-OD) technique. HE-OD was originally introduced as a theoretical and experimental tool for revealing the mechanism induced by control fields in closed quantum systems. The results of open-system HE-OD analysis presented here provide quantitative mechanistic insights into the roles played by a Markovian environment. Two model open quantum systems are considered for illustration. In these systems, transitions are induced by either an applied field linked to a dipole operator or Lindblad operators coupled to the system. For modest control yields, the HE-OD results clearly show distinct cooperation between the dynamics induced by the optimal field and the environment. Although the HE-OD methodology introduced here is considered in simulations, it has an analogous direct experimental formulation, which we suggest may be applied to open systems in the laboratory to reveal mechanistic insights.
Publication Date: 9-May-2016
Citation: Gao, Fang, Rey-de-Castro, Roberto, Wang, Yaoxiong, Rabitz, Herschel, Shuang, Feng. (2016). Identifying a cooperative control mechanism between an applied field and the environment of open quantum systems. PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 93 (10.1103/PhysRevA.93.053407
DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.93.053407
ISSN: 2469-9926
EISSN: 2469-9934
Pages: 053407-1 -053407-10
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: PHYSICAL REVIEW A
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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