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Ground states of stealthy hyperuniform potentials: I. Entropically favored configurations

Author(s): Zhang, Ge; Stillinger, Frank H.; Torquato, Salvatore

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Abstract: Systems of particles interacting with “stealthy” pair potentials have been shown to possess infinitely degenerate disordered hyperuniform classical ground states with novel physical properties. Previous attempts to sample the infinitely degenerate ground states used energy minimization techniques, introducing algorithmic dependence that is artificial in nature. Recently, an ensemble theory of stealthy hyperuniform ground states was formulated to predict the structure and thermodynamics that was shown to be in excellent agreement with corresponding computer simulation results in the canonical ensemble (in the zero-temperature limit). In this paper, we provide details and justifications of the simulation procedure, which involves performing molecular dynamics simulations at sufficiently low temperatures and minimizing the energy of the snapshots for both the high-density disordered regime, where the theory applies, as well as lower densities. We also use numerical simulations to extend our study to the lower-density regime. We report results for the pair correlation functions, structure factors, and Voronoi cell statistics. In the high-density regime, we verify the theoretical ansatz that stealthy disordered ground states behave like “pseudo” disordered equilibrium hard-sphere systems in Fourier space. The pair statistics obey certain exact integral conditions with very high accuracy. These results show that as the density decreases from the high-density limit, the disordered ground states in the canonical ensemble are characterized by an increasing degree of short-range order and eventually the system undergoes a phase transition to crystalline ground states. In the crystalline regime (low densities), there exist aperiodic structures that are part of the ground-state manifold but yet are not entropically favored. We also provide numerical evidence suggesting that different forms of stealthy pair potentials produce the same ground-state ensemble in the zero-temperature limit. Our techniques may be applied to sample the zero-temperature limit of the canonical ensemble of other potentials with highly degenerate ground states.
Publication Date: Aug-2015
Electronic Publication Date: 13-Aug-2015
Citation: Zhang, G., Stillinger, F.H., Torquato, S. (2015). Ground states of stealthy hyperuniform potentials: I. Entropically favored configurations. Physical Review E, 92 (2), 10.1103/PhysRevE.92.022119
DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.92.022119
ISSN: 1539-3755
EISSN: 1550-2376
Pages: 92, 022119-1 - 022119-14
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physical Review E
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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