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Gender inequality in deliberation: Unpacking the black box of interaction

Author(s): Mendelberg, Tali; Karpowitz, Christopher F; Oliphant, J. Baxter

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Abstract: When and why do women gain from increased descriptive representation in deliberating bodies? Using a large randomized experiment, and linking individual-level speech with assessments of speaker authority, we find that decision rules interact with the number of women in the group to shape the conversation dynamics and deliberative authority, an important form of influence. With majority rule and few women, women experience a negative balance of interruptions when speaking, and these women then lose influence in their own eyes and in others'. But when the group is assigned to unanimous rule, or when women are many, women experience a positive balance of interruptions, mitigating the deleterious effect of small numbers. Men do not experience this pattern. We draw implications for a type of representation that we call authoritative representation, and for democratic deliberation. © 2014 American Political Science Association.
Publication Date: Mar-2014
Citation: Mendelberg, T, Karpowitz, CF, Oliphant, JB. (2014). Gender inequality in deliberation: Unpacking the black box of interaction. Perspectives on Politics, 12 (1), 18 - 44. doi:10.1017/S1537592713003691
DOI: doi:10.1017/S1537592713003691
ISSN: 1537-5927
Pages: 18 - 44
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Perspectives on Politics
Version: Author's manuscript

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