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Experimental Tests of the Chiral Anomaly Magnetoresistance in the Dirac-Weyl Semimetals Na3Bi and GdPtBi

Author(s): Liang, Sihang; Lin, Jingjing; Kushwaha, Satya Kumar; Xing, Jie; Ni, Ni; et al

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Abstract: © 2018 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the »» Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI. In the Dirac-Weyl semimetal, the chiral anomaly appears as an "axial" current arising from charge pumping between the lowest (chiral) Landau levels of the Weyl nodes, when an electric field is applied parallel to a magnetic field B. Evidence for the chiral anomaly was obtained from the longitudinal magnetoresistance (LMR) in Na3Bi and GdPtBi. However, current-jetting effects (focusing of the current density J) have raised general concerns about LMR experiments. Here, we implement a litmus test that allows the intrinsic LMR in Na3Bi and GdPtBi to be sharply distinguished from pure current-jetting effects (in pure Bi). Current jetting enhances J along the mid-line (spine) of the sample while decreasing it at the edge. We measure the distortion by comparing the local voltage drop at the spine (expressed as the resistance Rspine) with that at the edge (Redge). In Bi, Rspine sharply increases with B, but Redge decreases (jetting effects are dominant). However, in Na3Bi and GdPtBi, both Rspine and Redge decrease (jetting effects are subdominant). A numerical simulation allows the jetting distortions to be removed entirely. We find that the intrinsic longitudinal resistivity ρxx(B) in Na3Bi decreases by a factor of 10.9 between B=0 and 10 T. A second litmus test is obtained from the parametric plot of the planar angular magnetoresistance. These results considerably strengthen the evidence for the intrinsic nature of the chiral-anomaly-induced LMR. We briefly discuss how the squeeze test may be extended to test ZrTe5.
Publication Date: 3-Jul-2018
Citation: Liang, S, Lin, J, Kushwaha, S, Xing, J, Ni, N, Cava, RJ, Ong, NP. (2018). Experimental Tests of the Chiral Anomaly Magnetoresistance in the Dirac-Weyl Semimetals Na3Bi and GdPtBi. Physical Review X, 8 (3), 10.1103/PhysRevX.8.031002
DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.8.031002
EISSN: 2160-3308
Pages: 8.3:031002-1 - 031002-13
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physical Review X
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.
Notes: Physical Review X. Volume 8, Issue 3, 3 July 2018, Article number 031002.

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