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Cascades between Light and Heavy Fermions in the Normal State of Magic-Angle Twisted Bilayer Graphene

Author(s): Kang, Jian; Bernevig, Bogdan A.; Vafek, Oskar

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Abstract: We present a framework for understanding the recently observed cascade transitions and the Landau level degeneracies at every integer filling of twisted bilayer graphene. The Coulomb interaction projected onto narrow bands causes the charged excitations at an integer filling to disperse, forming new bands. If the excitation moves the filling away from the charge neutrality point, then it has a band minimum at the moire Brillouin zone center with a small mass that compares well with the experiment; if towards the charge neutrality point, then it has a much larger mass and a higher degeneracy. At a non-zero density away from an integer filling the excitations interact. The system on the small mass side has a large bandwidth and forms a Fermi liquid. On the large mass side the bandwidth is narrow, the compressibility is negative and the Fermi liquid is likely unstable. This explains the observed sawtooth features in compressibility, the Landau fans pointing away from charge neutrality as well as their degeneracies. By providing a description of the charge itineracy in the normal state this framework sets the stage for superconductivity at lower temperatures.
Publication Date: 23-Dec-2021
DOI: doi:10.1103/physrevlett.127.266402
ISSN: 0031-9007
EISSN: 1079-7114
Language: en
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physical Review Letters
Version: Author's manuscript

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