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Characterization of maximally random jammed sphere packings. III. Transport and electromagnetic properties via correlation functions

Author(s): Klatt, Michael A.; Torquato, Salvatore

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Abstract: © 2018 American Physical Society. In the first two papers of this series, we characterized the structure of maximally random jammed (MRJ) sphere packings across length scales by computing a variety of different correlation functions, spectral functions, hole probabilities, and local density fluctuations. From the remarkable structural features of the MRJ packings, especially its disordered hyperuniformity, exceptional physical properties can be expected. Here we employ these structural descriptors to estimate effective transport and electromagnetic properties via rigorous bounds, exact expansions, and accurate analytical approximation formulas. These property formulas include interfacial bounds as well as universal scaling laws for the mean survival time and the fluid permeability. We also estimate the principal relaxation time associated with Brownian motion among perfectly absorbing traps. For the propagation of electromagnetic waves in the long-wavelength limit, we show that a dispersion of dielectric MRJ spheres within a matrix of another dielectric material forms, to a very good approximation, a dissipationless disordered and isotropic two-phase medium for any phase dielectric contrast ratio. We compare the effective properties of the MRJ sphere packings to those of overlapping spheres, equilibrium hard-sphere packings, and lattices of hard spheres. Moreover, we generalize results to micro- and macroscopically anisotropic packings of spheroids with tensorial effective properties. The analytic bounds predict the qualitative trend in the physical properties associated with these structures, which provides guidance to more time-consuming simulations and experiments. They especially provide impetus for experiments to design materials with unique bulk properties resulting from hyperuniformity, including structural-color and color-sensing applications.
Publication Date: 16-Jan-2018
Citation: Klatt, Michael A., Torquato, S. (2018). Characterization of maximally random jammed sphere packings. III. Transport and electromagnetic properties via correlation functions. Physical Review E, 97 (1), 10.1103/PhysRevE.97.012118
DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.97.012118
ISSN: 2470-0045
EISSN: 2470-0053
Pages: 012118-1 - 012118-17
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physical Review E
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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