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Declining mental health among disadvantaged Americans.

Author(s): Goldman, Noreen; Glei, Dana A.; Weinstein, Maxine

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Abstract: Although there is little dispute about the impact of the US opioid epidemic on recent mortality, there is less consensus about whether trends reflect increasing despair among American adults. The issue is complicated by the absence of established scales or definitions of despair as well as a paucity of studies examining changes in psychological health, especially well-being, since the 1990s. We contribute evidence using two cross-sectional waves of the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study to assess changes in measures of psychological distress and well-being. These measures capture negative emotions such as sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness, and positive emotions such as happiness, fulfillment, and life satisfaction. Most of the measures reveal increasing distress and decreasing well-being across the age span for those of low relative socioeconomic position, in contrast to little decline or modest improvement for persons of high relative position.
Publication Date: Jul-2018
Citation: Goldman, Noreen, Glei, Dana A, Weinstein, Maxine. (2018). Declining mental health among disadvantaged Americans.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115 (28), 7290 - 7295. doi:10.1073/pnas.1722023115
DOI: doi:10.1073/pnas.1722023115
ISSN: 0027-8424
EISSN: 1091-6490
Pages: 7290 - 7295
Language: eng
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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