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|Abstract:||Purpose: We prospectively examined the influence of young women's depression and psychological stress symptoms on their weekly contraceptive method use. Methods: We examined data from 689 women ages 18-20 years participating in a longitudinal cohort study. Women completed 8,877 weekly journals over the first year, which assessed reproductive, relationship, and health information. We focused on baseline depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale) symptoms and weekly contraceptive method use. Analyses used multivariate random effects and multinomial logistic regression. Results: Approximately one quarter of women exhibited moderate/severe depression (27%) and stress (25%) symptoms at baseline. Contraception was not used in 10% of weekly journals, whereas coital and noncoital methods were used in 42% and 48% of weeks, respectively. In adjusted models, women with moderate/severe stress symptoms had more than twice the odds of contraception nonuse than women without stress (odds ratio [OR] 2.23, confidence interval [CI] 1.02-4.89, p = .04). Additionally, women with moderate/severe depression (RR .52, CI .40-.68, p < .001) and stress (relative risk [RR] .75, CI .58-.96, p = .02) symptoms had lower relative risks of using long-acting methods than oral contraceptives (OCs; reference category). Women with stress symptoms also had higher relative risks of using condoms (RR 1.17, CI 1.00-1.34, p = .02) and withdrawal (RR 1.29, CI 1.10-1.51, p = .001) than OCs. The relative risk of dual versus single method use was also lower for women with stress symptoms. Conclusion: Women's psychological symptoms predicted their weekly contraceptive nonuse and use of less effective methods. Further research can determine the influence of dynamic psychological symptoms on contraceptive choices and failures over time.|
|Citation:||Hall, KS, Moreau, C, Trussell, J, Barber, J. (2013). Role of Young Women's Depression and Stress Symptoms in Their Weekly Use and Nonuse of Contraceptive Methods. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53 (241 - 248). doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.02.009|
|Pages:||241 - 248|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Journal/Proceeding Title:||Journal of Adolescent Health|
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