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Abstract: We propose and study a wave function describing an interacting three-dimensional fractional chiral hinge insulator (FCHI) constructed by Gutzwiller projection of two non-interacting second order topological insulators with chiral hinge modes at half filling. We use large-scale variational Monte Carlo computations to characterize the model states via the entanglement entropy and chargespin-fluctuations. We show that the FCHI possesses fractional chiral hinge modes characterized by a central charge c = 1 and Luttinger parameter K = 1/2, like the edge modes of a Laughlin 1/2 state. By changing the boundary conditions for the underlying fermions, we investigate the topological degeneracy of the FCHI. Within the range of the numerically accessible system sizes, we observe a non-trivial topological degeneracy. A more numerically pristine characterization of the bulk topology is provided by the topological entanglement entropy (TEE) correction to the area law. While our computations indicate a vanishing bulk TEE, we show that the gapped surfaces host a two-dimensional topological order with a TEE per surface compatible with half that of a Laughlin 1/2 state, a value that cannot be obtained from topological quantum field theory.
Publication Date: 23-Apr-2021
DOI: doi:10.1103/physrevb.103.l161110
ISSN: 2469-9950
EISSN: 2469-9969
Language: en
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physical Review B
Version: Author's manuscript

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