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Humans adapt to social diversity over time.

Author(s): Ramos, Miguel R.; Bennett, Matthew R.; Massey, Douglas S.; Hewstone, Miles

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Abstract: Humans have evolved cognitive processes favoring homogeneity, stability, and structure. These processes are, however, incompatible with a socially diverse world, raising wide academic and political concern about the future of modern societies. With data comprising 22 y of religious diversity worldwide, we show across multiple surveys that humans are inclined to react negatively to threats to homogeneity (i.e., changes in diversity are associated with lower self-reported quality of life, explained by a decrease in trust in others) in the short term. However, these negative outcomes are compensated in the long term by the beneficial influence of intergroup contact, which alleviates initial negative influences. This research advances knowledge that can foster peaceful coexistence in a new era defined by globalization and a socially diverse future.
Publication Date: 18-Jun-2019
Citation: Ramos, Miguel R, Bennett, Matthew R, Massey, Douglas S, Hewstone, Miles. (2019). Humans adapt to social diversity over time.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116 (25), 12244 - 12249. doi:10.1073/pnas.1818884116
DOI: doi:10.1073/pnas.1818884116
ISSN: 0027-8424
EISSN: 1091-6490
Pages: 12244 - 12249
Language: eng
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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