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The slave trade and the origins of Mistrust in Africa

Author(s): Nunn, Nathan; Wantchekon, Leonard

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Abstract: We show that current differences in trust levels within Africa can be traced back to the transatlantic and Indian Ocean slave trades. Combining contemporary individual-level survey data with historical data on slave shipments by ethnic group, we find that individuals whose ancestors were heavily raided during the slave trade are less trusting today. Evidence from a variety of identification strategies suggests that the relationship is causal. Examining causal mechanisms, we show that most of the impact of the slave trade is through factors that are internal to the individual, such as cultural norms, beliefs, and values.
Publication Date: Dec-2011
Citation: Nunn, N, Wantchekon, L. (2011). The slave trade and the origins of Mistrust in Africa. American Economic Review, 101 (7), 3221 - 3252. doi:10.1257/aer.101.7.3221
DOI: doi:10.1257/aer.101.7.3221
ISSN: 0002-8282
Pages: 1 - 33
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: American Economic Review
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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