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Unplanned pregnancy and contraceptive use in Hull and East Yorkshire

Author(s): Bexhell, H.; Guthrie, K.; Cleland, Kelly C.; Trussell, James

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Abstract: Objective: This study has two aims. The first is to assess the proportion of unplanned pregnancies among women attending antenatal clinics (ANCs) and those undergoing induced abortion (IA). The second is to assess both their previous contraceptive use and contraceptive intention, with particular focus on the use or consideration of any long-acting reversible contraceptives in Hull and East Riding in order to inform service redesign. Study design: Consecutive women attending their first ANC appointment and women attending a gynecology clinic undergoing IA were asked to complete a two-page questionnaire that contained a validated pregnancy intendedness questionnaire [the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP)] and questions to establish contraceptive use and access prior to this index pregnancy. Results: The overall response rate was 69%. We received 648 evaluable questionnaires for women undergoing IA. Of these pregnancies, 75.8% [95% confidence interval (CI), 72.3%-79.0%] were unplanned (LMUP, score 0-3). We received 1001 evaluable questionnaires from women booking at ANCs. Of these pregnancies, 5.5% (95% CI, 4.2%-7.0%) were unplanned. Among those with unplanned pregnancies who were not using contraception, 31% reported that they were unable to obtain the method they wanted. Among those using a method immediately prior to the index unplanned pregnancy, 33% stated that it was not the method they wanted; of these, 75% would have preferred sterilization, the implant, injectable or intrauterine contraceptive. Conclusion: Unplanned pregnancies in this population are common among women undergoing IA but are uncommon among women attending an ANC. About a third of women not using contraception reported that they were unable to obtain the method they wanted, and about a third of women using contraception stated that they were not using the method they would have preferred.
Publication Date: 2016
Citation: Bexhell, H., Guthrie, K., Cleland, K., Trussell, J. (2016). Unplanned pregnancy and contraceptive use in Hull and East Yorkshire. Contraception, 93 (233 - 235). doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2015.10.004
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2015.10.004
ISSN: 0010-7824
Pages: 233 - 235
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Contraception
Version: Author's manuscript

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