To refer to this page use:
|Abstract:||Proton-coupled electron transfers (PCET) are unconventional redox processes in which an electron and proton are exchanged together in a concerted elementary step. While these mechanisms are recognized to play a central role in biological redox catalysis, their applications in synthetic organic chemistry have yet to be widely established. In this Account, we highlight two recent examples from our group outlining the use of concerted PCET as a platform for the development of catalytic and enantioselective reactions of neutral ketyl radicals. Central to this work was the recognition that PCET provides a mechanism for independent proton and electron donors to function jointly as a formal hydrogen atom donor competent to activate organic π systems that are energetically inaccessible using conventional H-atom transfer technologies. In addition, we found that neutral ketyls formed in the PCET event are remarkably strong hydrogen-bond donors and remain strongly associated to the conjugate base of the proton donor following the PCET event. When chiral proton donors are used, these successor H-bond complexes provide a basis for asymmetric induction in subsequent reactions of the ketyl radical. 1 Introduction 2 Concerted PCET and Effective Bond Strengths 3 Concerted PCET Activation of Ketones: A Catalytic Protocol for Ketyl–Olefin Coupling and Mechanistic Investigations 4 Enantioselective PCET Catalysis: Development of Catalytic Asymmetric Aza-pinacol Cyclizations 5 Conclusions Key words: asymmetric catalysis, radical reaction, electron transfer, free radicals, photochemistry|
|Electronic Publication Date:||16-Oct-2014|
|Citation:||Yayla, Hatice, Knowles, Robert. (2014). Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer in Organic Synthesis: Novel Homolytic Bond Activations and Catalytic Asymmetric Reactions with Free Radicals. Synlett, 25 (20), 2819 - 2826. doi:10.1055/s-0034-1379304|
|Pages:||25, 2819 - 2826|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Version:||Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.|
Items in OAR@Princeton are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.