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Optimal coherent control of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering: Signal enhancement and background elimination

Author(s): Gao, Fang; Shuang, Feng; Shi, Junhui; Rabitz, Herschel; Wang, Haifeng; et al

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Abstract: The ability to enhance resonant signals and eliminate the non-resonant background is analyzed for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS). The analysis is done at a specific frequency as well as for broadband excitation using femtosecond pulse-shaping techniques. An appropriate objective functional is employed to balance resonant signal enhancement against non-resonant background suppression. Optimal enhancement of the signal and minimization of the background can be achieved by shaping the probe pulse alone while keeping the pump and Stokes pulses unshaped. In some cases analytical forms for the probe pulse can be found, and numerical simulations are carried out for other circumstances. It is found that a good approximate optimal solution for resonant signal enhancement in two-pulse CARS is a superposition of linear and arctangent-type phases for the pump. The well-known probe delay method is shown to be a quasi-optimal scheme for broadband background suppression. The results should provide a basis to improve the performance of CARS spectroscopy and microscopy. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. []
Publication Date: 14-Apr-2012
Electronic Publication Date: 13-Apr-2012
Citation: Gao, Fang, Shuang, Feng, Shi, Junhui, Rabitz, Herschel, Wang, Haifeng, Cheng, Ji-Xin. (2012). Optimal coherent control of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering: Signal enhancement and background elimination. JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 136 (10.1063/1.3703308
DOI: doi:10.1063/1.3703308
ISSN: 0021-9606
Pages: 144114-1 - 144114-11
Type of Material: Journal Article
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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