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|Abstract:||Say a set H of graphs is heroic if there exists k such that every graph containing no member of H as an induced subgraph has cochromatic number at most k. (The cochromatic number of G is the minimum number of stable sets and cliques with union V (G).) Assuming an old conjecture of Gyarfas and Sumner, we give a complete characterization of the finite heroic sets. This is a consequence of the following. Say a graph is k-split if its vertex set is the union of two sets A, B, where A has clique number at most k and B has stability number at most k. For every graph H-1 that is a disjoint union of cliques, and every complete multipartite graph H-2, there exists k such that every graph containing neither of H-1, H-2 as an induced subgraph is k-split. This in turn is a consequence of a bound on the maximum number of vertices in any graph that is minimal not k-split, a result first proved by Gyarfas  and for which we give a short proof. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Electronic Publication Date:||7-Dec-2013|
|Citation:||Chudnovsky, Maria, Seymour, Paul. (2014). Extending the Gyarfas-Sumner conjecture. JOURNAL OF COMBINATORIAL THEORY SERIES B, 105 (11 - 16. doi:10.1016/j.jctb.2013.11.002|
|Pages:||11 - 16|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Journal/Proceeding Title:||JOURNAL OF COMBINATORIAL THEORY SERIES B|
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