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A Simple and Accurate Network for Hydrogen and Carbon Chemistry in the Interstellar Medium

Author(s): Gong, Munan; Ostriker, Eve C; Wolfire, Mark G

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Abstract: Chemistry plays an important role in the interstellar medium (ISM), regulating the heating and cooling of the gas and determining abundances of molecular species that trace gas properties in observations. Although solving the time-dependent equations is necessary for accurate abundances and temperature in the dynamic ISM, a full chemical network is too computationally expensive to incorporate into numerical simulations. In this paper, we propose a new simplified chemical network for hydrogen and carbon chemistry in the atomic and molecular ISM. We compare results from our chemical network in detail with results from a full photodissociation region (PDR) code, and also with the Nelson & Langer (NL99) network previously adopted in the simulation literature. We show that our chemical network gives similar results to the PDR code in the equilibrium abundances of all species over a wide range of densities, temperature, and metallicities, whereas the NL99 network shows significant disagreement. Applying our network to 1D models, we find that the CO-dominated regime delimits the coldest gas and that the corresponding temperature tracks the cosmic-ray ionization rate in molecular clouds. We provide a simple fit for the locus of CO-dominated regions as a function of gas density and column. We also compare with observations of diffuse and translucent clouds. We find that the CO, CHx, and OHx abundances are consistent with equilibrium predictions for densities n = 100-1000 cm(-3), but the predicted equilibrium C abundance is higher than that seen in observations, signaling the potential importance of non-equilibrium/dynamical effects.
Publication Date: 1-Jul-2017
Electronic Publication Date: 29-Jun-2017
Citation: Gong, Munan, Ostriker, Eve C, Wolfire, Mark G. (2017). A Simple and Accurate Network for Hydrogen and Carbon Chemistry in the Interstellar Medium. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 843 (10.3847/1538-4357/aa7561
DOI: doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa7561
ISSN: 0004-637X
EISSN: 1538-4357
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Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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