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Author(s): Bai, Xue-Ning; Ye, Jiani; Goodman, Jeremy J.; Yuan, Feng

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Abstract: The global evolution and dispersal of protoplanetary disks (PPDs) are governed by disk angular-momentum transport and mass-loss processes. Recent numerical studies suggest that angular-momentum transport in the inner region of PPDs is largely driven by magnetized disk wind, yet the wind mass-loss rate remains unconstrained. On the other hand, disk mass loss has conventionally been attributed to photoevaporation, where external heating on the disk surface drives a thermal wind. We unify the two scenarios by developing a one-dimensional model of magnetized disk winds with a simple treatment of thermodynamics as a proxy for external heating. The wind properties largely depend on (1) the magnetic field strength at the wind base, characterized by the poloidal Alfven speed nu(Ap), (2) the sound speed c(s) near the wind base, and (3) how rapidly poloidal field lines diverge (achieve R-2 scaling). When nu(Ap) >> c(s), corotation is enforced near the wind base, resulting in centrifugal acceleration. Otherwise, the wind is accelerated mainly by the pressure of the toroidal magnetic field. In both cases, the dominant role played by magnetic forces likely yields wind outflow rates that exceed purely hydrodynamical mechanisms. For typical PPD accretion-rate and wind-launching conditions, we expect nu(Ap) to be comparable to c(s) at the wind base. The resulting wind is heavily loaded, with a total wind mass-loss rate likely reaching a considerable fraction of the wind-driven accretion rate. Implications for modeling global disk evolution and planet formation are also discussed.
Publication Date: 20-Feb-2016
Electronic Publication Date: 17-Feb-2016
Citation: Bai, Xue-Ning, Ye, Jiani, Goodman, Jeremy, Yuan, Feng. (2016). MAGNETO-THERMAL DISK WINDS FROM PROTOPLANETARY DISKS. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 818 (10.3847/0004-637X/818/2/152
DOI: doi:10.3847/0004-637X/818/2/152
ISSN: 0004-637X
EISSN: 1538-4357
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Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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