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Optimization of a GCaMP Calcium Indicator for Neural Activity Imaging

Author(s): Akerboom, J; Chen, T-W; Wardill, TJ; Tian, L; Marvin, JS; et al

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Abstract: Genetically encoded calcium indicators (GECIs) are powerful tools for systems neuroscience. Recent efforts in protein engineering have significantly increased the performance of GECIs. The state-of-the art single-wavelength GECI, GCaMP3, has been deployed in a number of model organisms and can reliably detect three or more action potentials in short bursts in several systems in vivo. Through protein structure determination, targeted mutagenesis, high-throughput screening, and a battery of in vitro assays, we have increased the dynamic range of GCaMP3 by several fold, creating a family of “GCaMP5” sensors. We tested GCaMP5s in several systems: cultured neurons and astrocytes, mouse retina, and in vivo in Caenorhabditis chemosensory neurons, Drosophila larval neuromuscular junction and adult antennal lobe, zebrafish retina and tectum, and mouse visual cortex. Signal-to-noise ratio was improved by at least 2- to 3-fold. In the visual cortex, two GCaMP5 variants detected twice as many visual stimulus-responsive cells as GCaMP3. By combining in vivo imaging with electrophysiology we show that GCaMP5 fluorescence provides a more reliable measure of neuronal activity than its predecessor GCaMP3. GCaMP5 allows more sensitive detection of neural activity in vivo and may find widespread applications for cellular imaging in general.
Publication Date: 3-Oct-2012
Electronic Publication Date: 3-Oct-2012
Citation: Akerboom, J, Chen, T-W, Wardill, TJ, Tian, L, Marvin, JS, Mutlu, S, Calderon, NC, Esposti, F, Borghuis, BG, Sun, XR, Gordus, A, Orger, MB, Portugues, R, Engert, F, Macklin, JJ, Filosa, A, Aggarwal, A, Kerr, RA, Takagi, R, Kracun, S, Shigetomi, E, Khakh, BS, Baier, H, Lagnado, L, Wang, S S- H, Bargmann, CI, Kimmel, BE, Jayaraman, V, Svoboda, K, Kim, DS, Schreiter, ER, Looger, LL. (2012). Optimization of a GCaMP Calcium Indicator for Neural Activity Imaging. Journal of Neuroscience, 32 (40), 13819 - 13840. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2601-12.2012
DOI: doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2601-12.2012
ISSN: 0270-6474
EISSN: 1529-2401
Pages: 13819 - 13840
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Journal of Neuroscience
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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