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Bifurcations of edge states-topologically protected and non-protected-in continuous 2D honeycomb structures

Author(s): Fefferman, Charles L.; Lee-Thorp, JP; Weinstein, MI

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Abstract: Edge states are time-harmonic solutions to energy-conserving wave equations, which are propagating parallel to a line-defect or ‘edge’ and are localized transverse to it. This paper summarizes and extends the authors’ work on the bifurcation of topologically protected edge states in continuous two-dimensional. (2D) honeycomb structures. We consider a family of Schrodinger Hamiltonians consisting of a bulk honeycomb potential and a perturbing edge potential. The edge potential interpolates between two different periodic structures via a domain wall. We begin by reviewing our recent bifurcation theory of edge states for continuous 2D honeycomb structures ( The topologically protected edge state bifurcation is seeded by the zero-energy eigenstate of a one-dimensional Dirac operator. We contrast these protected bifurcations with (more common) non-protected bifurcations from spectral band edges, which are induced by bound states of an effective Schrodinger operator. Numerical simulations for honeycomb structures of varying contrasts and ‘rational edges’ (zigzag, armchair and others), support the following scenario: (a) for low contrast, under a sign condition on a distinguished Fourier coefficient of the bulk honeycomb potential, there exist topologically protected edge states localized transverse to zigzag edges. Otherwise, and for general edges, we expect long lived edge quasi-modes which slowly leak energy into the bulk. (b) For an arbitrary rational edge, there is a threshold in the medium-contrast (depending on the choice of edge) above which there exist topologically protected edge states. In the special case of the armchair edge, there are two families of protected edge states; for each parallel quasimomentum (the quantum number associated with translation invariance) there are edge states which propagate in opposite directions along the armchair edge.
Publication Date: Mar-2016
Electronic Publication Date: 21-Mar-2016
Citation: Fefferman, CL, Lee-Thorp, JP, Weinstein, MI. (2016). Bifurcations of edge states-topologically protected and non-protected-in continuous 2D honeycomb structures. 2D MATERIALS, 3 (10.1088/2053-1583/3/1/014008
DOI: doi:10.1088/2053-1583/3/1/014008
ISSN: 2053-1583
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: 2D MATERIALS
Version: Author's manuscript

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