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Reentrant Correlated Insulators in Twisted Bilayer Graphene at 25T 2π Flux

Author(s): Herzog-Arbeitman, Jonah; Chew, Aaron; Efetov, Dmitri K; Bernevig, B Andrei

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Abstract: Twisted bilayer graphene (TBG) is remarkable for its topological flat bands, which drive strongly interacting physics at integer fillings, and its simple theoretical description facilitated by the Bistritzer-MacDonald Hamiltonian, a continuum model coupling two Dirac fermions. Because of the large moiré unit cell, TBG offers the unprecedented opportunity to observe reentrant Hofstadter phases in laboratory-strength magnetic fields near 25 T. This Letter is devoted to magic angle TBG at 2π flux where the magnetic translation group commutes. We use a newly developed gauge-invariant formalism to determine the exact single-particle band structure and topology. We find that the characteristic TBG flat bands reemerge at 2π flux, but, due to the magnetic field breaking C2zT, they split and acquire Chern number ±1. We show that reentrant correlated insulating states appear at 2π flux driven by the Coulomb interaction at integer fillings, and we predict the characteristic Landau fans from their excitation spectrum.
Publication Date: 9-Aug-2022
Citation: Herzog-Arbeitman, Jonah, Chew, Aaron, Efetov, Dmitri K, Bernevig, B Andrei. (Reentrant Correlated Insulators in Twisted Bilayer Graphene at 25 T ( <mml:math xmlns:mml="" display="inline"><mml:mn>2</mml:mn><mml:mi>π</mml:mi></mml:math> Flux). Physical Review Letters, 129 (7), 10.1103/physrevlett.129.076401
DOI: doi:10.1103/physrevlett.129.076401
ISSN: 0031-9007
EISSN: 1079-7114
Language: en
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physical Review Letters
Version: Author's manuscript

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