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CHARIS science: performance simulations for the Subaru Telescope’s third-generation of exoplanet imaging instrumentation

Author(s): Brandt, Timothy D; McElwain, Michael W; Janson, Markus; Knapp, Gillian R; Mede, Kyle; et al

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Abstract: We describe the expected scienti fic capabilities of CHARIS, a high-contrast integral- field spectrograph (IFS) currently under construction for the Subaru telescope. CHARIS is part of a new generation of instruments, enabled by extreme adaptive optics (AO) systems (including SCExAO at Subaru), that promise greatly improved contrasts at small angular separation thanks to their ability to use spectral information to distinguish planets from quasistatic speckles in the stellar point-spread function (PSF). CHARIS is similar in concept to GPI and SPHERE, on Gemini South and the Very Large Telescope, respectively, but will be unique in its ability to simultaneously cover the entire near-infrared J, H, and K bands with a low-resolution mode. This extraordinarily broad wavelength coverage will enable spectral differential imaging down to angular separations of a few =D, corresponding to 0:001. SCExAO will also o er contrast approaching 10􀀀5 at similar separations, 0:001{0:002. The discovery yield of a CHARIS survey will depend on the exoplanet distribution function at around 10 AU. If the distribution of planets discovered by radial velocity surveys extends unchanged to 20 AU, observations of 200 mostly young, nearby stars targeted by existing high-contrast instruments might nd 1{3 planets. Carefully optimizing the target sample could improve this yield by a factor of a few, while an upturn in frequency at a few AU could also increase the number of detections. CHARIS, with a higher spectral resolution mode of R 75, will also be among the best instruments to characterize planets and brown dwarfs like HR 8799 cde and And b.
Publication Date: Jul-2014
Citation: Brandt, Timothy D, McElwain, Michael W, Janson, Markus, Knapp, Gillian R, Mede, Kyle, Limbach, Mary A, Groff, Tyler, Burrows, Adam, Gunn, James E, Guyon, Olivier, Hashimoto, Jun, Hayashi, Masahiko, Jovanovic, Nemanja, Kasdin, NJ, Kuzuhara, Masayuki, Lupton, Robert H, Martinache, Frantz, Sorahana, Satoko, Spiegel, David S, Takato, Naruhisa, Tamura, Motohide, Turner, Edwin L, Vanderbei, Robert, Wisniewski, John. (2014). CHARIS science: performance simulations for the Subaru Telescope’s third-generation of exoplanet imaging instrumentation. Adaptive Optics Systems IV, 9148 (914849 - 914849. doi:10.1117/12.2057256
DOI: doi:10.1117/12.2057256
Type of Material: Conference Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Adaptive Optics Systems IV
Version: Author's manuscript

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