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The MASSIVE Survey IX Photometric Analysis of 35 High-mass Early-type Galaxies with HST WFC3/IR

Author(s): Goullaud, Charles F; Jensen, Joseph B; Blakeslee, John P; Ma, Chung-Pei; Greene, Jenny E.; et al

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Abstract: We present near-infrared observations of 35 of the most massive early-type galaxies in the local universe. The observations were made using the infrared channel of the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) in the F110W (1.1 mu m) filter. We measured surface brightness profiles and elliptical isophotal fit parameters from the nuclear regions out to a radius of similar to 10 kpc in most cases. We find that 37% (13) of the galaxies in our sample have isophotal position-angle rotations greater than 20 degrees over the radial range imaged by WFC3/IR, which is often due to the presence of neighbors or multiple nuclei. Most galaxies in our sample are significantly rounder near the center than in the outer regions. This sample contains 6 fast rotators and 28 slow rotators. We find that all fast rotators are either disky or show no measurable deviation from purely elliptical isophotes. Among slow rotators, significantly disky and boxy galaxies occur with nearly equal frequency. The galaxies in our sample often exhibit changing isophotal shapes, sometimes showing both significantly disky and boxy isophotes at different radii. The fact that parameters vary widely between galaxies and within individual galaxies is evidence that these massive galaxies have complicated formation histories, and some of them have experienced recent mergers and have not fully relaxed. These data demonstrate the value of IR imaging of galaxies at high spatial resolution and provide measurements necessary for determining stellar masses, dynamics, and black hole masses in high-mass galaxies.
Publication Date: 20-Mar-2018
Electronic Publication Date: 20-Mar-2018
Citation: Goullaud, Charles F, Jensen, Joseph B, Blakeslee, John P, Ma, Chung-Pei, Greene, Jenny E, Thomas, Jens. (2018). The MASSIVE Survey IX Photometric Analysis of 35 High-mass Early-type Galaxies with HST WFC3/IR. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 856 (10.3847/1538-4357/aab1f3
DOI: doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aab1f3
ISSN: 0004-637X
EISSN: 1538-4357
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Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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