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Partition functions and Casimir energies in higher spin AdS(d+1)/CFTd

Author(s): Giombi, Simone; Klebanov, Igor R; Tseytlin, Arkady A

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Abstract: Recently, the one-loop free energy of higher spin (HS) theories in Euclidean AdS(d+1) was calculated and matched with the order N-0 term in the free energy of the large N “vectorial” scalar CFT on the S-d boundary. Here we extend this matching to the boundary theory defined on S-1 x Sd-1, where the length of S-1 may be interpreted as the inverse temperature. It has been shown that the large N limit of the partition function on S-1 x S-2 in the U(N) singlet sector of the CFT of N free complex scalars matches the one-loop thermal partition function of the Vasiliev theory in AdS(4), while in the O(N) singlet sector of the CFT of N real scalars it matches the minimal theory containing even spins only. We extend this matching to all dimensions d. We also calculate partition functions for the singlet sectors of free fermion CFTs in various dimensions and match them with appropriately defined higher spin theories, which for d > 3 contain massless gauge fields with mixed symmetry. In the zero-temperature case R x Sd-1 we calculate the Casimir energy in the scalar or fermionic CFT and match it with the one-loop correction in the global AdS(d+1). For any odd-dimensional CFT the Casimir energy must vanish on general grounds, and we show that the HS duals obey this. In the U(N) symmetric case, we exhibit the vanishing of the regularized one-loop Casimir energy of the dual HS theory in AdS(d+1). In the minimal HS theory the vacuum energy vanishes for odd d while for even d it is equal to the Casimir energy of a single conformal scalar in R x Sd-1 which is again consistent with AdS/CFT, provided the minimal HS coupling constant is similar to 1/(N - 1). We demonstrate analogous results for singlet sectors of theories of N Dirac or Majorana fermions. We also discuss extensions to CFTs containing N-f flavors in the fundamental representation of U(N) or O(N).
Publication Date: 15-Jul-2014
Electronic Publication Date: 18-Jul-2014
Citation: Giombi, Simone, Klebanov, Igor R, Tseytlin, Arkady A. (2014). Partition functions and Casimir energies in higher spin AdS(d+1)/CFTd. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 90 (10.1103/PhysRevD.90.024048
DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.90.024048
ISSN: 1550-7998
EISSN: 1550-2368
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: PHYSICAL REVIEW D
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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