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Planck early results. XVII. Origin of the submillimetre excess dust emission in the Magellanic Clouds

Author(s): Ade, PAR; Aghanim, N; Arnaud, M; Ashdown, M; Aumont, J; et al

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Abstract: The integrated spectral energy distributions (SED) of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) and Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) appear significantly flatter than expected from dust models based on their far-infrared and radio emission. The still unexplained origin of this millimetre excess is investigated here using the Planck data. The integrated SED of the two galaxies before subtraction of the foreground (Milky Way) and background (CMB fluctuations) emission are in good agreement with previous determinations, confirming the presence of the millimetre excess. In the context of this preliminary analysis we do not propose a full multi-component fitting of the data, but instead subtract contributions unrelated to the galaxies and to dust emission. The background CMB contribution is subtracted using an internal linear combination (ILC) method performed locally around the galaxies. The foreground emission from the Milky Way is subtracted as a Galactic H i template, and the dust emissivity is derived in a region surrounding the two galaxies and dominated by Milky Way emission. After subtraction, the remaining emission of both galaxies correlates closely with the atomic and molecular gas emission of the LMC and SMC. The millimetre excess in the LMC can be explained by CMB fluctuations, but a significant excess is still present in the SMC SED. The Planck and IRAS–IRIS data at 100 μm are combined to produce thermal dust temperature and optical depth maps of the two galaxies.
Publication Date: 1-Dec-2011
Electronic Publication Date: Dec-2011
Citation: Ade, PAR, Aghanim, N, Arnaud, M, Ashdown, M, Aumont, J, Baccigalupi, C, Balbi, A, Banday, AJ, Barreiro, RB, Bartlett, JG, Battaner, E, Benabed, K, Benoît, A, Bernard, J-P, Bersanelli, M, Bhatia, R, Bock, JJ, Bonaldi, A, Bond, JR, Borrill, J, Bot, C, Bouchet, FR, Boulanger, F, Bucher, M, Burigana, C, Cabella, P, Cardoso, J-F, Catalano, A, Cayón, L, Challinor, A, Chamballu, A, Chiang, L-Y, Chiang, C, Christensen, PR, Clements, DL, Colombi, S, Couchot, F, Coulais, A, Crill, BP, Cuttaia, F, Danese, L, Davies, RD, Davis, RJ, de Bernardis, P, de Gasperis, G, de Rosa, A, de Zotti, G, Delabrouille, J, Delouis, J-M, Désert, F-X, Dickinson, C, Dobashi, K, Donzelli, S, Doré, O, Dörl, U, Douspis, M, Dupac, X, Efstathiou, G, Enßlin, TA, Finelli, F, Forni, O, Frailis, M, Franceschi, E, Fukui, Y, Galeotta, S, Ganga, K, Giard, M, Giardino, G, Giraud-Héraud, Y, González-Nuevo, J, Górski, KM, Gratton, S, Gregorio, A, Gruppuso, A, Harrison, D, Helou, G, Henrot-Versillé, S, Herranz, D, Hildebrandt, SR, Hivon, E, Hobson, M, Holmes, WA, Hovest, W, Hoyland, RJ, Huffenberger, KM, Jaffe, AH, Jones, WC, Juvela, M, Kawamura, A, Keihänen, E, Keskitalo, R, Kisner, TS, Kneissl, R, Knox, L, Kurki-Suonio, H, Lagache, G, Lähteenmäki, A, Lamarre, J-M, Lasenby, A, Laureijs, RJ, Lawrence, CR, Leach, S, Leonardi, R, Leroy, C, Linden-Vørnle, M, López-Caniego, M, Lubin, PM, Macías-Pérez, JF, MacTavish, CJ, Madden, S, Maffei, B, Mandolesi, N, Mann, R, Maris, M, Martínez-González, E, Masi, S, Matarrese, S, Matthai, F, Mazzotta, P, Meinhold, PR, Melchiorri, A, Mendes, L, Mennella, A, Miville-Deschênes, M-A, Moneti, A, Montier, L, Morgante, G, Mortlock, D, Munshi, D, Murphy, A, Naselsky, P, Nati, F, Natoli, P, Netterfield, CB, Nørgaard-Nielsen, HU, Noviello, F, Novikov, D, Novikov, I, Onishi, T, Osborne, S, Pajot, F, Paladini, R, Paradis, D, Pasian, F, Patanchon, G, Perdereau, O, Perotto, L, Perrotta, F, Piacentini, F, Piat, M, Plaszczynski, S, Pointecouteau, E, Polenta, G, Ponthieu, N, Poutanen, T, Prézeau, G, Prunet, S, Puget, J-L, Reach, WT, Rebolo, R, Reinecke, M, Renault, C, Ricciardi, S, Riller, T, Ristorcelli, I, Rocha, G, Rosset, C, Rowan-Robinson, M, Rubiño-Martín, JA, Rusholme, B, Sandri, M, Savini, G, Scott, D, Seiffert, MD, Smoot, GF, Starck, J-L, Stivoli, F, Stolyarov, V, Sudiwala, R, Sygnet, J-F, Tauber, JA, Terenzi, L, Toffolatti, L, Tomasi, M, Torre, J-P, Tristram, M, Tuovinen, J, Umana, G, Valenziano, L, Varis, J, Vielva, P, Villa, F, Vittorio, N, Wade, LA, Wandelt, BD, Wilkinson, A, Ysard, N, Yvon, D, Zacchei, A, Zonca, A. (2011). Planck early results. XVII. Origin of the submillimetre excess dust emission in the Magellanic Clouds. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 536 (A17 - A17. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201116473
DOI: doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201116473
ISSN: 0004-6361
EISSN: 1432-0746
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Language: en
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Astronomy & Astrophysics
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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