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Mitotic Control of Planar Cell Polarity by Polo-like Kinase 1

Author(s): Shrestha, Rezma; Little, Katherine A.; Tamayo, Joel V.; Li, Wenyang; Perlman, David H.; et al

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Abstract: During cell division, polarized epithelial cells employ mechanisms to preserve cell polarity and tissue integrity. In dividing cells of the mammalian skin, planar cell polarity (PCP) is maintained through the bulk internalization, equal segregation, and polarized recycling of cortical PCP proteins. The dramatic redistribution of PCP proteins coincides precisely with cell cycle progression, but the mechanisms coordinating PCP and mitosis are unknown. Here we identify Plk1 as a master regulator of PCP dynamics during mitosis. Plk1 interacts with core PCP component, Celsr1, via a conserved polo-box domain (PBD) binding motif, localizes to mitotic endosomes and directly phosphorylates Celsr1. Plk1-dependent phosphorylation activates the endocytic motif specifically during mitosis, allowing bulk recruitment of Celsr1 into endosomes. Inhibiting Plk1 activity blocks PCP internalization and perturbs PCP asymmetry. Mimicking dileucine motif phosphorylation is sufficient to drive Celsr1 internalization during interphase. Thus, Plk1-mediated phosphorylation of Celsr1 ensures PCP redistribution is precisely coordinated with mitotic entry.
Publication Date: Jun-2015
Citation: Shrestha, Rezma, Little, Katherine A, Tamayo, Joel V, Li, Wenyang, Perlman, David H, Devenport, Danelle. (2015). Mitotic Control of Planar Cell Polarity by Polo-like Kinase 1. Developmental Cell, 33 (5), 522 - 534. doi:10.1016/j.devcel.2015.03.024
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.devcel.2015.03.024
ISSN: 1534-5807
Pages: 522 - 534
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Developmental Cell
Version: Author's manuscript

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