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Complementing the ground-based CMB-S4 experiment on large scales with the PIXIE satellite

Author(s): Calabrese, Erminia; Alonso, David; Dunkley, Jo

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Abstract: We present forecasts for cosmological parameters from future cosmic microwave background (CMB) data measured by the stage-4 (S4) generation of ground-based experiments in combination with large-scale anisotropy data from the PIXIE satellite. We demonstrate the complementarity of the two experiments and focus on science targets that benefit from their combination. We show that a cosmic-variance-limited measurement of the optical depth to reionization provided by PIXIE, with error sigma(tau) = 0.002, is vital for enabling a 5 sigma detection of the sum of the neutrino masses when combined with a CMB-S4 lensing measurement and with lower-redshift constraints on the growth of structure and the distance-redshift relation. Parameters characterizing the epoch of reionization will also be tightly constrained; PIXIE’s t constraint converts into sigma(z(re)) = 0.2 for the mean time of reionization, and a kinematic Sunyaev-Zel’dovich measurement from S4 gives sigma(Delta z(re)) = 0.03 for the duration of reionization. Both PIXIE and S4 will put strong constraints on primordial tensor fluctuations, vital for testing early-Universe models, and will do so at distinct angular scales. We forecast sigma(r) approximate to 5 x 10(-4) for a signal with a tensor-to-scalar ratio r = 10(-3), after accounting for diffuse foreground removal and delensing. The wide and dense frequency coverage of PIXIE results in an expected foreground-degradation factor on r of only approximate to 25%. By measuring large and small scales PIXIE and S4 will together better limit the energy injection at recombination from dark matter annihilation, with p(ann) < 0.09 x 10(-6) m(3)/s/kg projected at 95% confidence. Cosmological parameters measured from the damping tail with S4 will be best constrained by polarization, which has the advantage of minimal contamination from extragalactic emission.
Publication Date: 15-Mar-2017
Electronic Publication Date: 6-Mar-2017
Citation: Calabrese, Erminia, Alonso, David, Dunkley, Jo. (2017). Complementing the ground-based CMB-S4 experiment on large scales with the PIXIE satellite. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 95 (10.1103/PhysRevD.95.063504
DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.063504
ISSN: 2470-0010
EISSN: 2470-0029
Pages: 063504-1 - 063504-11
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: PHYSICAL REVIEW D
Version: Author's manuscript

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