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The Detection and Characterization of a Nontransiting Planet by Transit Timing Variations

Author(s): Nesvorný, David; Kipping, David M; Buchhave, Lars A.; Bakos, Gaspar Aron; Hartman, Joel; et al

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Abstract: The Kepler mission is monitoring the brightness of ∼ 150,000 stars, searching for evidence of planetary transits. As part of the Hunt for Exomoons with Kepler (HEK) project, we report a planetary system with two confirmed planets and one candidate planet discovered with the publicly available data for KOI-872. Planet b transits the host star with a period Pb = 33.6 days and exhibits large transit timing variations indicative of a perturber. Dynamical modeling uniquely detects an outer nontransiting planet c near the 5:3 resonance ( Pc = 57.0 days) with a mass 0.37 times that of Jupiter. Transits of a third planetary candidate are also found: a 1.7 – Earth radius super-Earth with a 6.8-day period. Our analysis indicates a system with nearly coplanar and circular orbits, reminiscent of the orderly arrangement within the solar system.
Publication Date: 1-Jun-2012
Citation: Nesvorný, David, Kipping, David M, Buchhave, Lars A, Bakos, Gáspár Á, Hartman, Joel, Schmitt, Allan R. (2012). The Detection and Characterization of a Nontransiting Planet by Transit Timing Variations. Science, 336 (1133 - 1133. doi:10.1126/science.1221141
DOI: doi:10.1126/science.1221141
Pages: 1133 - 1136
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Science
Version: Author's manuscript

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