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|Abstract:||Parafermions are the simplest generalizations of Majorana fermions that realize topological order. We propose a less restrictive notion of topological order in one-dimensional open chains, which generalizes the seminal work by Fendley [J. Stat. Mech. (2012) P11020]. The first essential property is that the ground states are mutually indistinguishable by local, symmetric probes, and the second is a generalized notion of zero edge modes which cyclically permute the ground states. These two properties are shown to be topologically robust, and applicable to a wider family of topologically ordered Hamiltonians than has been previously considered. As an application of these edge modes, we formulate a notion of twisted boundary conditions on a closed chain, which guarantees that the closed-chain ground state is topological, i.e., it originates from the topological manifold of the open chain. Finally, we generalize these ideas to describe symmetry-breaking phases with a parafermionic order parameter. These exotic phases are condensates of parafermion multiplets, which generalize Cooper pairing in superconductors. The stability of these condensates is investigated on both open and closed chains.|
|Electronic Publication Date:||2-Sep-2016|
|Citation:||Alexandradinata, A, Regnault, N, Fang, Chen, Gilbert, Matthew J, Bernevig, B Andrei. (2016). Parafermionic phases with symmetry breaking and topological order. PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (10.1103/PhysRevB.94.125103|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Journal/Proceeding Title:||PHYSICAL REVIEW B|
|Version:||Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.|
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